Given how the lives of today’s generation of teens are so intertwined with technology, most notably the Internet, it’s become especially important for web designers to be mindful of the Internet habits of teenagers when designing websites. Short attention spans, information just a click away, and text message interruptions are the norm with teens, which call for a clear reassessment of web design.
The Nielsen Norman Group (NN/g), a firm that specialises in computer user interface development and user experience, recently released the findings of multiple studies on how websites can be improved to match the preferences and web abilities of teenagers.
Web designers and online marketers may find NN/g’s findings surprising, what with the discrepancies it shows with current stereotypes, showing yet again that grown-ups have little or no idea of how teenagers think, in this case, when Internet usage is concerned.
NN/g’s research disproves the following assumptions:
- Teenagers are tech savvy by default
- Teenagers depend heavily on smartphones
- Teenagers want a social aspect to their entire Internet experience
- Teenagers are fans of online multimedia and graphics content
In other words, the NN/g’s study shows that not all teens are fearless techies, tethered to online media. We at Enform believe that such assumptions are oversimplifications at best, and can potentially lead your web design plans to fail.
Teens’ Purpose for Website Use
Just like adults, teenagers go online for a plethora of reasons, entertainment chief among them. Teens generally have specific goals for using websites, even if they mainly involve killing time for only 10 minutes. As with adults, teens want websites to be easy to use and navigate through, making it quick and simple to accomplish tasks. Teens don’t just surf the web aimlessly, which makes website design just as important with them as it is with adults.
Among the most basic purposes teens use the web for, include:
- Entertainment (e.g. music and games)
- Communicating with friends
- Product research (even if teens have little purchasing power, they still look for products for their wish lists and for purchases through their credit-card-holding guardians/adults)
By comparing previous studies with their latest findings, NN/g found that teens have grown to become more successful at navigating through websites. During the 8 years that passed between old and new studies, the firm’s research shows that teens show an annual 2-percent increase in the success of their online tasks.
However, teens aren’t as web-proficient as you might think. Even with the improvements they’ve made over the past decade, they still make mistakes, and when they do, they often give up immediately. With their impulsive decision-making, teens still have a lower success rate for achieving their website goals compared to adults—71 percent for teens vs. 83 percent for adults.
NN/g found 3 reasons for this problem.
- Lower literacy rates
- Poor research strategies
- Higher tendency to be impatient
Given these three issues, NN/g made the following recommendations on web design for teenagers.
Improve Content Writing
Create content for impatient users. Younger audiences shy away from pages with walls of text. In other words, they’re not keen on spending too much time reading—they already do that in school.
Communicating with teens requires the use of effective web writing and formatting techniques. Highlight content in brief yet information-filled photographs, use bulleted lists, and be smarter with your keyword usage.
Use easy-to-understand words instead of terms more understood by college graduates. Use short sentences and write through a 6th-grade reading perspective.
Make your Content Entertaining, but Don’t Overdo It
NN/g’s surveyed teens complained about sites that were too boring. Dull content is the bane of websites, but don’t go overboard with interactive and fancy designs. Teenagers are usually drawn to eye-pleasing websites, but they hate cluttered and multimedia-loaded sites (we’re looking at you fans of Adobe Flash).
Some of the interactive features teens are actually drawn to, include:
- Online games and quizzes
- Online forms for feedback
- Online polls
- Site features for sharing content like pictures, videos or stories
- Message boards/online forums
Snappy Websites are Gold
Nothing irritates a teenager more than a slow-loading website, so make sure you have a fast, bug-free website. Younger Internet users have a tendency to expect instant gratification, so place speed on top of your list of design priorities.
Avoid widgets that add to your site’s loading time, even if you think they’re cool and add value to your site.
Don Treat Teenagers as Dumb
For your site’s content, avoid using a tone that’s babyish or condescending. Teens feel ostracised by content made for “grownups,” but they don’t want to be talked down to. NN/g’s studies found that teebs gravitate towards content created by peers, so create content that includes images, real stories and examples from other teenagers.
NN/g’s studies surveyed websites included sites aimed at both teenagers and children, using the word “Kid,” which had an effect of driving away teens. They also showed an aversion to garish and colourful web designs.
Give Teenagers Control Over Social Features
Give teens an option to share content, but don’t force it on them. Teenagers like the social aspect of the Internet, but they’re not obsessed over it, despite what’s shown in movies and TV.
Today’s teens are also taught to be more careful with their privacy, so avoid using features like forced registration, automatic linking with Facebook/Twitter profiles and more.
Sharing options should also include email, since according to the studies, teenagers actually prefer using email to protect their social accounts and online activity.
What About the Adults?
Now you may be wondering, “If I adjust my website for teens, won’t that compromise my adult audience?” We at Enform believe that the changes needed to attract teens won’t drive away adults; in fact, it will only target an additional population of adults composed of:
- Adults with insufficient reading skills
- Adults new to the Internet
- Adult users who want to achieve their website goals faster
As you can see, these changes may be tailored for teenagers, but they also target an important segment of adults.